glyph 431: history, article ... catholic church, aristotle, scholasticism, political philosophy, eleventh (11th) century, second amendment to the u.s. constitution, opposition to tyrannical government, american revolution ... right to bear arms, gun laws


 

"The Catholic Second Amendment", by David B. Kopel

philosophical arguments for armed citizens

http://www.davekopel.com/Religion/Catholic-Second-Amendment.pdf

Abstract: At the beginning of the second millennium, there was no separation of church and state, and kings ruled the church. Tyrannicide was considered sinful. By the end of the thirteenth century, however, everything had changed. The "Little Renaissance" that began in the eleventh century led to a revolution in political and moral philosophy, so that using force to overthrow a tyrannical government became a positive moral duty. The intellectual revolution was an essential step in the evolution of Western political philosophy that eventually led to the American Revolution.

http://www.davekopel.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Kopel

http://explorersfoundation.org/glyphery/431.html
June 29, 2008; edited/updated November 26, 2015

a list of all glyphs