Vortex Ijtihad : independent thinking, scholarly research
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navigation, contact, access: click ►▼, link & ••• — November 11, 2017
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how to contact us
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Leif Smith
303-778-0880
Explorers Foundation, Inc.
PO Box 9100
Denver, CO 80209
USA
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leifsmith@gmail.comImportant: If we are not already in email communication, please put “*****” at the beginning of the Subject: line of your email. This will assure that we don’t miss the first email you send to us.
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Explorers Foundation ••• home page
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efBegin ••• top level for all outlines
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Vortices ••• list of all vortices
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Threads ••• traces of conversations
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Glyphs ••• list of fragments of Freeorder
 
explorersfoundation.org/ijtihad.html (this page) — a vortex is a region of Explorers Foundation research and investment.
 
Ijtihad (pronounced “ij-tee-had”) is Islam’s own tradition of independent thinking. In the early centuries of Islam, thanks to the spirit of ijtihad, 135 schools of thought thrived. Inspired by ijtihad, Muslims gave the world inventions from the astrolabe to the university. So much of what we consider "western" pop culture came from Muslims: the guitar, mocha coffee, even the ultra-Spanish expression "Ole!" (which has its root in the Arabic word for God, "Allah”).’ —Irshad Manji, who reports that her book, Allah, Liberty and Love, in Arabic translation, has been downloaded from the net 2,000,000 times.
 
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Changes/Additions
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11Nov17: Shakespeare’s ‘Islamic’ poem
 
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Irshad Manji, author of Allah, Liberty and Love
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Gaffar Hussain’s review ••• of Irshad Manji’s Allah, Liberty and Love:
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Irshad Manji advocates a return to the Islamic tradition of ijtihad (Oxford Union debate) •••
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“In this episode of Head to Head at the Oxford Union, Mehdi Hasan challenges controversial Canadian author Irshad Manji, writer of The Trouble with Islam Today and also Allah, Liberty and Love on the need to reform Islam, the notion of Ijtihad, the problem of Islamophobia and what Muslims need to own-up to.”
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Allah, Liberty and Love: The Courage to Reconcile Faith and Freedom, by Irshad Manji
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Irshad Manji reports that an Arabic translation of Allah, Liberty and Love, available without charge, has been downloaded 2,000,000 times.
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(this was found on page one of the Wall Street Journal, May 7, 2011).
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It seems that Irshad is channeling Karl Popper, supporting similar arguments with wisdom from the Koran. -ls
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Irshad Manji, on Ijtihad  — Islam's tradition of independent thinking
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Ijtihad and Irshad Manji’s Moral Courage project •••
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Irshad Manji, on Liberty - video on her book, Allah, Liberty and Love: The Courage to Reconcile Faith and Freedom
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Irshad Manji, on “reclaiming Islam” •••
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"Faith Without Fear": Irshad Manji calls on her fellow Muslims to reform — A PBS America at the Crossroads film •••
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Heretic: Why Islam Needs a Reformation Now ••• (HarperCollinsPublishers), by Ayaan Hirsi Ali ••• (George Will, 2006)
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“… she has found an intellectual home here at the American Enterprise Institute, where she is writing a book that imagines Muhammad meeting, in the New York Public Library, three thinkers -- John Stuart Mill, Friedrich Hayek and Karl Popper…”
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“AHA Foundation is a 501(c)3 non-profit founded by women’s rights activist Ayaan Hirsi Ali. The AHA Foundation is the leading organization working to end honor violence that shames, hurts or kills thousands of women and girls in the US each year, and puts millions more at risk. The organization also works to elevate the status of women and girls globally, so they can create peace and prosperity for themselves, their communities and the world.” •••
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Islam and the Discovery of Freedom •••, by Rose Wilder Lane, with an introduction and commentary by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D., Minaret of Freedom Institute •••
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“…the Minaret of Freedom’s internationally known scholar on Islam and politics provides scriptural and historical documentation to a leading American libertarian writer’s brilliant insight into the role of the classical Islamic civilization in establishing liberty and human rights. This highly readable book is a "must-have" for anyone interested in what Islam teaches about political, social and economic order. Non-Muslims will be astonished at the contrast between the classical Islamic society and the image of the Muslim world today. Muslim parents will especially want their high school and college-aged children to read about their heritage and its implications for the modern world. This book squarely confronts the question of what made the classical Islamic society so dynamic and productive and the role it played in the rise of modern values in the West.” •••
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The Islamic Enlightenment, by Christopher De Bellaigue, reshapes historic views of Islam — “Historian Christopher De Bellaigue replaces a static image of the Middle East from the 1800s through the late 20th century with a picture of constant transformation.” ••• (Christian Science Monitor, April 20, 2017).
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Shakespeare’s ‘Islamic’ poem — an essay in Fortnightly Review
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'THE STROKE OF AN OAR GIVEN IN TRUE TIME'
Shakespeare’s ‘Islamic’ poem, part II.
Second part of ‘A Phoenix for Eliza’, a two-part consideration of ‘Let the Bird of Loudest Lay’
or ‘The Phoenix and the Turtle’.
Part Two:
SHEIKSPEARE.
By NIGEL WHEALE.
To lovingly welcome Eliza Phoenix.
wheale1-pt2Abd al-Wahid bin Masoud bin Muhammad al-Annuri, the Moroccan ambassador.1
‘‘THE PHOENIX AND THE TURTLE’’ is an outlier poem, even in its prosody. ‘Let the bird of loudest lay’ has the lightest structure, bird-like, but suggests so much, it is weightlessly gravid, always escapes conclusive reading.2 The ‘dominantly seven-syllable trochaic lines, which end with a single stressed syllable’,3 or ‘broken trochaics’,4 are a metrical choice that only paradoxically conveys so much abstraction, devotion and mourning.
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“Islam and Hayek” •••, by Dr. Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Minaret of Freedom •••
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Barbara Johnson, publisher of Freedom Glow •••, recommends learning about Dr. M. Zuhdi Jasser, MD, of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy •••
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This letter ••• from Dr. Jasser to Senator Chuck Grassley regarding the nomination of Jeff Sessions for Attorney General provides insight into Dr. Jasser’s thinking. -2/6/17
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Gamal al Banna — A call to restore Islam’s golden age by embracing the values of critical thinking and debate
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‘Mr al Banna is part of a small band of Arab intellectuals who believe that the Islamic world needs to radically change the way it approaches Islam by embracing the values of critical thinking and debate that were a hallmark of the ancient Muslim world. “This is precisely what Muslims did during the time of their renaissance before the door of ijtihad was closed,” he said, referring to the act of revising Sharia law to allow Islam to adapt to contemporary times.’ — The article containing this quotation, no longer available, was at: http://thenational.ae/article/20090221/FOREIGN/747316439/1002 — about Gamal al Banna •••
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Charlemagne, Muhammad, and the Arab Roots of Capitalism, Gene W. Heck, published by Kalima, Abu Dhabi
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[] about this book
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'Abu Dhabi, 21st November - In a bid to tackle a gap created by one thousand years of limited translation of foreign writing into Arabic, Kalima, a major translation initiative, launched today and announced its much-anticipated first ever list of 100 candidate books for translation. 'Kalima (“word” in Arabic), is one of the boldest and most significant cultural initiatives to come out of the Arab world in years, and is set to widen access to books and knowledge by funding the translation, publication, and distribution of high- quality works of classic and contemporary writing from other languages into Arabic.' —from a Kalima press release, 21 November 2007
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The Ornament of the World, María Rosa Menocal — Recommended by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Minaret of Freedom
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[] about this book
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What happened to ijtihad? The Closing of the Muslim Mind: How intellectual suicide created the modern Islamist crisis, by Robert R. Reilly
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An accurate review from an Objectivist (influenced by work of Ayn Rand) point of view. I would like to find a review written by a good student of the work of Karl Popper. Dr. Ahmad’s book on Arabic science takes a different view of Ghazali. -leif
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Minaret of Freedom, Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad
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“Islam and Markets ••• , by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad
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Islam and the Discovery of Freedom •••, by Rose Wilder Lane, with introduction and commentary by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad
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“… the returning Crusaders brought back to Europe the first idea of a gentleman that Europeans had ever had. Until they invaded the Saracens' civilization, they had never known that a strong man need not be brutal. The Saracens were splendid fighters when they fought, but they were not cruel; they did not torture their prisoners, they did not kill the wounded. In their own country, they did not persecute the Christians. They were brave men, but they were gentle. They were honorable, they told the truth, they kept their word.” —Rose Wilder Lane (who was the child written about in Little House on the Prairie)
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http://explorersfoundation.org/glyphery/150.html — contains the above quotation from Lane
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Reviewed ••• by By George C. Leef, September 1998:
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About Islamic universities, from the above review:
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Islamic universities were especially interesting. They were not established or funded by the state; there were no accreditation boards or required curriculum; no degrees were given. They were simply places where those with knowledge could sell it to those who desired it. Lane writes, “Men who knew (or thought they knew) something, and wanted to teach it, opened a school to sell their knowledge. Success depended upon the demand for the knowledge they had.” She contrasts the Islamic approach to education with the European, writing disparagingly of the “European belief that minds acquire knowledge, not by actively seeking to know, but by passively being taught whatever Authority decides that they should know.” If you have ever wondered what a true free market in education would be like, this book provides some clues.”
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Dr. Ahmad is an astronomer. His book on Arabic science should be discussed. He has a completely different vew of al Ghazali than offered by Robert R. Reilly. Reconciliation of both of these views by recourse to the thinking of Karl Poppler would be worthwhile.
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http://explorersfoundation.org/glyphery/150.html — Minaret of Freedom, Mission Statement
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http://www.minaret.org/f&se2.htm — "Economy, Technology and The Environment: The Islamic Middle Way,” a lecture by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D.
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Dubai Women In Leadership
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There have been a few conferences on this topic, but the pages describing them no longer exist. 9/11/16 20:17
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August 10, 2014: Take a look at http://naseba.com — they are involved in a “Women’s Leadership Forum”
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January 12, 2010: "Dubai Women Establishment Launches The Second Arab Women Leadership Forum" [page no longer exits]
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February 3, 2010, a report on the Forum: "Dubai's Young Women: Single and Determined" [no longer exists at harvardbusiness.org], co-authored by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Lisa Weinert.
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Tariq Ramadan, "What you fear is not who I am"
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The author requests that journalists and others read what he has written before accepting and repeating what has been said about him.
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efGlyphs on ijtihad
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286 Ijtihad - Islam’s lost tradition of independent thinking
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352 Edward Gibbon on Moslem Tolerance - The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
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142 Islam's Historical Tolerance of Religions - Lord Lamont, Hi Pakistan, 15 February 2004, Lecture at Szabist
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269 Islam and the Discovery of Freedom, by Rose Wilder Lane - Published by Minaret of Freedom Institute
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150 Minaret of Freedom, Mission Statement
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Directory of Policy Experts on Islamic Studies and Muslim Affairs
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The Directory of Policy Experts on Islamic Studies and Muslim Affairs is a joint project of: the Minaret of Freedom Institute, the Association of Muslim Social Scientists of North America, and the International Institute of Islamic Thought.
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Investments made in Ijtihad by Explorers Foundation
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01/08 — $250 to Minaret of Freedom, toward building a database of market-oriented Islamic resources.
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08/09 — This resource bank now exists
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07/07 — $250 to The Minaret of Freedom (Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad)
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07/07 — $250 to Project Ijtihad (Irshad Manji)
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12/06 — A friend of the Foundation bought and distributed 25 copies of Rose Wilder Lane's Discovery of Freedom, edited and corrected by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad.
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Participants in this vortex
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Leif Smith, Irshad Manji (ok, Irshad?), Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Bill Casey, Robert Haywood, Mark Frazier, Spencer MacCallum, Barbara Johnson
.oOo.