Vortex Ijtihad : independent thinking, scholarly research
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navigation, contact, access: click ►▼, link & ••• — April 23, 2017
explorersfoundation.org/ijtihad.html (this page) — a vortex is a region of Explorers Foundation research and investment.
Ijtihad (pronounced “ij-tee-had”) is Islam’s own tradition of independent thinking. In the early centuries of Islam, thanks to the spirit of ijtihad, 135 schools of thought thrived. Inspired by ijtihad, Muslims gave the world inventions from the astrolabe to the university. So much of what we consider "western" pop culture came from Muslims: the guitar, mocha coffee, even the ultra-Spanish expression "Ole!" (which has its root in the Arabic word for God, "Allah”).’ —Irshad Manji, who reports that her book, Allah, Liberty and Love, in Arabic translation, has been downloaded from the net 2,000,000 times.
> Irshad Manji, author of Allah, Liberty and Love
> Heretic: Why Islam Needs a Reformation Now ••• (HarperCollinsPublishers), by Ayaan Hirsi Ali ••• (George Will, 2006)
> Islam and the Discovery of Freedom •••, by Rose Wilder Lane, with an introduction and commentary by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Ph.D., Minaret of Freedom Institute •••
* The Islamic Enlightenment, by Christopher De Bellaigue, reshapes historic views of Islam — “Historian Christopher De Bellaigue replaces a static image of the Middle East from the 1800s through the late 20th century with a picture of constant transformation.” ••• (Christian Science Monitor, April 20, 2017).
* “Islam and Hayek” •••, by Dr. Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Minaret of Freedom •••
> Barbara Johnson, publisher of Freedom Glow •••, recommends learning about Dr. M. Zuhdi Jasser, MD, of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy •••
> Gamal al Banna — A call to restore Islam’s golden age by embracing the values of critical thinking and debate
> Charlemagne, Muhammad, and the Arab Roots of Capitalism, Gene W. Heck, published by Kalima, Abu Dhabi
> The Ornament of the World, María Rosa Menocal — Recommended by Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Minaret of Freedom
> What happened to ijtihad? The Closing of the Muslim Mind: How intellectual suicide created the modern Islamist crisis, by Robert R. Reilly
> Minaret of Freedom, Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad
V Dubai Women In Leadership
* There have been a few conferences on this topic, but the pages describing them no longer exist. 9/11/16 20:17
* August 10, 2014: Take a look at http://naseba.com — they are involved in a “Women’s Leadership Forum”
* January 12, 2010: "Dubai Women Establishment Launches The Second Arab Women Leadership Forum" [page no longer exits]
* February 3, 2010, a report on the Forum: "Dubai's Young Women: Single and Determined" [no longer exists at harvardbusiness.org], co-authored by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Lisa Weinert.
> Tariq Ramadan, "What you fear is not who I am"
> efGlyphs on ijtihad
> Directory of Policy Experts on Islamic Studies and Muslim Affairs
> Investments made in Ijtihad by Explorers Foundation
V Participants in this vortex
* Leif Smith, Irshad Manji (ok, Irshad?), Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, Bill Casey, Robert Haywood, Mark Frazier, Spencer MacCallum, Barbara Johnson

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