Topic
Vortex Kropotkin : mutual aid
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navigation: click ►▼, link & ••• — March 27, 2017
explorersfoundation.org/kropotkin.html — a vortex is a region of Explorers Foundation research and investment.
* Mutual Aid, by Peter Kropotkin ••• (complete book, free)
V Mutual Aid among trees
* “Scientists in the Harz mountains in Germany have discovered that this really is a case of interdependence, and most individual trees of the same species growing in the same stand are connected to each other through their root systems. It appears that nutrient exchange and helping neighbors in times of need is the rule, and this leads to the conclusion that forests are superorganisms with interconnections much like ant colonies.”

Wohlleben, Peter (2016-09-13). The Hidden Life of Trees: What They Feel, How They CommunicateDiscoveries from a Secret World (Kindle Locations 131-134). Greystone Books. Kindle Edition.
* From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State, by David T. Beito ••• (a review by Eric Laursen, "New Formulation", 2004)
* "Friendly Societies: Voluntary Social Security and More" •••, by John Chodes, in The Freeman •••
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