glyph 293: evolutionary systems ... jurisprudence, economics, biology, object-orientation ... spontaneous order ... what Gothic Foxes know, limits of Baroque Hedgehogs ... invisible hands finally beginning to be generalized and understood ... bears on the craft of object-oriented composition . freeorder ... Anglosphere, Anglosperia, James Bennett, Claudio Veliz, Alan Macfarlane, F. A. Hayek ... markets as dynamic discovery processes ... Brad Cox, Objective-C ... Canada, Alberta, University of Calgary ... Santa Fe Institute


Swarms, Boundaries, Object-Oriented Emergence of Complex Systems

unconscious collaboration of small local intelligences

Fascinating research bearing on the emergence of freeorder -leif


The collective intelligence of the swarm emerges in a decentralized way from the actions of individual insects responding to local stimuli from the environment and, most importantly, from other members of the swarm. There is no "boss" in charge. No individual insect grasps the big picture. Yet in the aggregate, the local actions of each insect based on the local stimuli available to it can accomplish a collective goal that serves the interests of the whole community.

"It turns out that what makes sense in the biological world often make sense in the computational world as well," explains Jacob. "For some types of applications, a collection of small, simple agents with limited intelligence, local decision-making capability, and a communication path to nearby peers can outperform a large centralized processor. Moreover, a decentralized system has several important advantages over a centralized one, most notably robustness and flexibility."


Brad Cox is the inventor of an elegant computer language, Objective-C, that relies on boundaries and messages. See his page on swarms for leads to other work, especially that of the Santa Fe Institute:
entered before July 9, 2006; edited/updated November 26, 2015

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